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Halloween

Hallowe’en

31st October

 

Halloween is a festival that started in the UK and other parts of Europe a very long time ago (over 2000 years ago).

It started in the US after a lot of Irish people moved there in the mid-19th century (1850’s).

万圣节很久以前始于UK和一些欧洲部分国家,大约2000年以前 在19世纪中期一些爱尔兰人迁移到US,所以万圣节在US也兴起了。

It is also known as ‘All Hallows Eve’ meaning ‘the night before the dead’.

众所周知 万圣节前夜被称为死亡前夜

A long time ago, people believed that ghosts would come out to haunt everyone on the 1st November, so they celebrated Halloween to help keep the ghosts away. They would wear costumes and light bonfires to help scare away the ghosts. They also believed that giving ghosts treats would keep them happy.

在很久以前,人们认为幽灵鬼魂会在11月1日来捕杀人类,所以大家庆祝万圣节为了赶走鬼魂幽灵👻 ,人们会穿吓人的服装点起火焰 吓走幽灵鬼魂,当然人们也认为给幽灵鬼魂一些好的待遇也会让他们开心 。

There are many ideas why we do these things on Halloween:

  1. People dressed in costumes to scare away ghosts
  2. They would collect treats so that they can give them to the ghosts to keep them happy
  3. Poor people and children would go around houses asking for candy or food – then they would sing hymns or say prayers to keep the house safe from ghosts.

为什么我们在万圣节要做许多不同的事情 说法有很多

1.人们穿吓人的服装为的是赶走幽灵鬼魂

2.他们收集糖果给幽灵 让他们开心

3.贫穷的人和孩子会走街串巷讨糖果 之后他们会唱歌祈祷让幽灵鬼魂远离

 讨糖果Trick-or-treat

Nowadays, lots of young children will wear costumes go around friend’s or family houses ‘Trick or Treating’. It started in the 16th century (1600’s) in the UK and Ireland, and in America in the 1920’s.

如今,好多小孩子在万圣节盛装打扮去朋友或者邻居家讨糖果。这始于16世纪的UK和爱尔兰在19世纪20年代开始于美国

Trick – if the owner of the house doesn’t give them treats then the child would do something naughty to the house. Things like throwing eggs at the doors and windows, or putting lots of tissues in their garden.

Trick – 如果房主不给孩子们糖果孩子们就会做一些淘气的事情,比如向门和窗户扔鸡蛋,在花园里扔很多纸屑

Treat – Normally the owner of the house would give the children candy or cake.

Treat – 通常房主会给孩子们糖果或者蛋糕

南瓜Pumpkins.

Making pumpkins into ‘jack-o’-lanterns’ is very popular, it originally started in Ireland with people making them from turnips or potatoes. When Irish people started to move to America they discovered pumpkins and so it changed into what we see today.

The pumpkins and their faces were used to scare away the bad ghosts from the house. Although many people now make silly or funny faces in their pumpkins.

制作南瓜灯在如今的万圣节很流行,最初爱尔兰人用萝卜和土豆制作灯。在爱尔兰人迁移到美国他们发现了南瓜 ,这就看到了我们现在用的南瓜灯。我们用南瓜脸去吓走幽灵,人们也用南瓜做不同的有趣的鬼脸和搞笑的图案。